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National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York

New York

There’s nothing like a night at the ballpark.

It’s a few precious hours of escape into a great and simple American tradition.

It’s connection to something that was here before you were and will be here long after you’re gone.

It’s memories — the family ones from your childhood, and the legendary ones from before you were born, and the new ones you’re making in the moment.

And it’s time spent amid people who love the game as much as you do.

Well, maybe there’s one thing like it — a day at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, a delightful New York village straight out of a Norman Rockwell painting.

The building is three levels of baseball history and culture.  You could easily spend a whole day strolling though baseball’s biggest moments and connecting to our national past.

In the intro film, “Generations of the Game”, Hall of Famers recall great moments from baseball’s history.

Lou Gehrig

Baltimore Orioles third baseman Cal Ripken echoes New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig’s iconic words of farewell.  Gehrig played 2,130 consecutive games for the Yankees.  His record lasted 56 years until Ripken broke it in 1995.

Gehrig was a formidable hitter for most of his 17-season career.  In 1927, his batting average was .373, and he batted in a then-record 175 runs.  Ten years later, his 1937 batting average was still high at .351.

But by the time he played his last game on April 30, 1939, his seasonal BA had plunged to .143.  Six weeks later, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis — ALS, a painful illness that destroys the ability to walk, talk, eat, and eventually breathe, now known as “Lou Gehrig’s Disease”.

The Yankees announced his retirement and proclaimed July 4 to be “Lou Gehrig Appreciation Day”.  Between the two games of a sold-out double-header on that Independence Day, Gehrig was honored with speeches and gifts including a silver trophy (now at the Hall of Fame) engraved with a poem and his teammates’ signatures.  Then he delivered remarks that endure among the most inspirational in baseball history, saying in part:

For the past two weeks, you’ve been reading about a bad break.  Today, I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the earth.  …  When you look around, wouldn’t you consider it a privilege to associate yourself with such fine-looking men as are standing in uniform in this ballpark today? … I might have been given a bad break, but I’ve got an awful lot to live for.  Thank you.

It was his last public appearance.  Less than two years later, he died on June 2, 1941, at the age of 37.

As a New Englander, I don’t normally praise Yankees, but Gehrig’s class and character exemplify the best of what baseball can inspire.

“Baseball, it’s in your soul,” says Boston Red Sox pitcher Dennis Eckersley in the film, “and you just know it.  You just know it.”

Babe Ruth

Legends conflict about how baseball really began.  But it’s clear that the sport was popular by the late 19th century.  The Museum houses lots of photographs, clippings, and other artifacts from baseball’s early days.

The first World Series took place in 1903, with the Boston Americans defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates.  It was the only World Series a team named the Boston Americans would win.  But the rechristened Boston Red Sox would dominate in the next decade, winning four Series during 1912-18.

A big part of the reason for Boston’s success was Babe Ruth, sometimes known as “the Bambino”, perhaps baseball’s most iconic player.  The Museum dedicates a whole section to his career.  The omni-talented Ruth began as a pitcher, but a rare one who could also hit home runs.  He pitched the Red Sox to victory in the 1915, 1916, and 1918 World Series.

But he wanted to play more than a pitcher’s every four or five games.  So he spent most of his 1919 games as an outfielder, hitting 29 home runs.  Then he was sold to the Yankees, and would later play alongside Lou Gehrig.

The Red Sox would not win another World Series in the 20th century.  The long drought gave rise to a superstition called “the Curse of the Bambino”, which boils down to Boston being punished for making such a bad sale.

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Jackie Robinson

But however inexplicable, the sale of Ruth doesn’t come close to being the worst taint in baseball’s history.  Baseball is America’s sport, and unfortunately, it shares America’s original sin.  An important exhibit explores baseball’s history of racial segregation, when black players were confined to the so-called Negro Leagues.

After World War II, when many black Americans served in a segregated military, popular sentiment moved toward integrating baseball.

One such soldier was Jackie Robinson, who served in the Army during 1942-44.  On April 15, 1947, Robinson became the first black man to appear in a Major League Baseball game in the 20th century.  Playing first base for the Brooklyn Dodgers, he scored one run in his team’s 5-3 victory over the Boston Braves.

A year later, President Harry S Truman desegregated the military.

Ted Williams

Also serving in World War II, and later Korea, was Ted Williams, another iconic player with a big presence at the Museum.

The left fielder was a phenomenal hitter who spent his 19 seasons as a player with the Red Sox.  He is the last player to achieve a batting average above .400 in a season.  His best year was 1941, when his BA was .406.

His lifetime BA of .344 would almost certainly be higher had he not left the game in his prime to serve in the U.S. Marine Corps during 1942-45.

Williams was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1966.  He used his induction speech to call for the Hall to include players from the Negro Leagues, the first of whom would be admitted in 1971.  But he never saw the Red Sox win a World Series.

The alleged Curse was finally smashed with eight consecutive Boston victories in 2004.  The Red Sox had lost the first three games of the American League Championship Series to the Yankees.  They won the next four games, becoming the only team in major-league history to overcome a 0-3 deficit to win a play-off series.

The Red Sox starting pitcher in Game Six was Curt Schilling, who had recently undergone surgery on a tendon in his right ankle.  His sutures tore during the game, and by the time he left the mound, his sock was visibly blood-soaked.

Schilling’s next appearance would be in Game Two of the World Series, against the St. Louis Cardinals.  Knowing that the television cameras would be focussed on his injured ankle, he had written “K ALS” (“Strike-out Lou Gehrig’s Disease”) on his right shoe.

The Red Sox would win the first four games of the World Series, sweeping the Cardinals and sweeping away the “Curse”.  The Museum shows video clips of many of baseball’s greatest recent moments, including the Red Sox first World Series win in 86 years.

After exploring the Museum’s many artifacts, and reliving some of baseball and America’s most poignant moments, visitors can go down to the first-floor Hall of Fame’s plaque gallery.  Each honoree’s plaque lists his name, the team(s) he played for and his active dates, and a short description of his career achievements.

If he served his country, a small medallion beneath his plaque denotes his military branch and the war(s) during which he fought.

There are also two statues, of Babe Ruth and Ted Williams.  Both played for the Red Sox, but like Lou Gehrig, and Jackie Robinson, and the other greats, they belong to everyone who loves the game.

What to Know before You Go
to the National Baseball
Hall of Fame and Museum


The Hall of Fame is located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York.  You may purchase timed tickets here.

Parking in Cooperstown is limited.  One option is the parking lot at Doubleday Field, located at 2 Doubleday Court, about a 4-minute walk to the Hall of Fame.  I found street parking a block from the Hall.

In the summertime, there is a trolley that stops at the Hall of Fame.

The Hall of Fame plaques are located on the first floor, and the Museum artifacts fill the second and third floors.  Docents recommend that you tour the Museum first and then view the plaques.  I recommend that you go wherever the crowds are smallest.

There is a sizable gift shop with lots of baseball memorabilia that’s worth exploring.  There’s no café, but the Hall is in a quaint downtown area with lots of charming restaurants within walking distance.

Allow three to six hours.

Hotels in the area are sparse, but I enjoyed a very satisfactory stay at the Holiday Inn Express & Suites Cooperstown, about four miles away.

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